In recent years, interest in organic crops has been gradually increasing due to global warming and health reasons. Growing the olive trees using organic fertilisers by not with chemical fertilisers further enhances the quality of the olive and olive oil products. Thus, it may be insured to atract more demand for its taste and its high nutritional value in both the domestic and international markets. The organic of “bio” olive growing efforts which the Agricultural Combat Institution at Bornova, Izmir has started in Kemalpasa speed up the efforts to that effect.

Organic agriculture activities started in our country for exports in accordance with the requirements of the exporters in a different manner than the developments in Europe in 1986. The production and exports which were performed in compliance with the relevant legislation of the importing countries at the outset continued in compliance with the Directives of the European Community from 1991 onwards. Later, the issues which any countries to export organic products to the European Community must comply with were stipulated in deail in the supplement no. 94/92 published on January 14, 1992 of the Directive 2092/91 and it was made mandatory that countries would put into practice their own legislation and file an application with the European Community in a folder which contain various technical and administrative issues including such legislation.

In order to accommodate to such developments in the European Community, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs started the works to prepare regulations in cooperation with various institutions and organisations and the “Regulation Concerning the Production of Vegetal and Animal products by Organic Methods” became effective upon publication in the Official Gazette no. 22145 of December 24, 1994.

The Regulations has ben issued to acomplish ecological (organic) agriculture which is an alternative production system and is required so that the products of those producers who are engaged in organic agriculture in Turkey. Products which are prduced either for exports or for domestic consumption are organically evaluated in compliance with the rules as stipulated by the regulations in question. The regulations were not insufficient in consideration of the year when it was issued, but require some adaptation to the Organic Agriculture Directive of the European Community due to the fact that the products are exported to Europe in the present day. The Ministry is now carrying out an activity together with the governmental and private organisations which are members to the Organic Agriculture Committee and National Steering in the matter.

The rules which must be complied with at the production, processing, labelling, storage and marketing stages of organic products are stipulated in Regulations which are comprised of 5 chapters and 40 articles. The regulations further contain a schedule.

Modifications were later made in some of the articles of the said regulations in order to overcome any hitches encountered in practice, and any sanctions which would be applied against any errors and mistakes which wouldl be made during the agricultural activities were included into the regulations as well. The revised text was published in the Official Gazette no. 22328 of June 29, 1995 and became effective.